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A Citation Map is a graphical representation that shows the citation relationships (cited references and citing articles) between a paper and other papers using various visualization tools and techniques.
Using citation mapping, you can analyze which researchers are citing your papers. You can also choose to organize and color code the results by author, year, journal title, subject category, and more.
You can also set up a graphical representation of the papers that you have cited in a published work. You can then choose to organize and color code the results by author, year, journal title, subject category, and more.
From a Full Record page, click the Citation Map link to go to the Citation Map start page where you can begin to create your Citation Map.
Forward Only: View records that cite the selected target (focus) record whose name appears in the title bar at the top of the page.
Backward Only: View records that the target record cites.
Forward and Backward: View both forward and backward records.
First Generation - Records that cite or are cited by the target record are first generation. The default generation is set at 1.
Second Generation - Records citing records that cite the target record and records cited by records cited by the targeted record are second generation.
3. Click the Create Button to Create Your Citation Map
After you create your Citation Map, the target record is shown in the middle of the Citation Map panel.
To the right of the target record are papers that cite the original paper (citing articles). This is the forward view.
To the left of the target record are papers that are cited by the target record (cited references). This is the backward view.
Citation Map with Forward and Backward Views
The Citation Map is generated and displayed in a three-panel window.
View of Citation Map, Results Set, and Record View Panels
You can move the nodes around (including the target node) by clicking and dragging them using your left mouse key. This feature allows you to see parts of the map that are on the edge of the panel. This dragging action also brings the centered-map section into view so you can see the individual nodes more clearly.
By hovering your cursor on any node, you can view bibliographic information about that paper.
A white expand / collapse button displays in the bottom-right corner of the target node if there are citations for that record. Click to expand or collapse the display. You can also find these buttons on the back and fwd nodes.
The lower portion of the Citation Map window contains a Results Set panel (lower left) and a Record View panel (lower right).
A close control icon above the Results Set panel allows you to close the Results Set and Record View panels and view the Citation Map in full screen mode.
An open control icon allows you to reopen the Results Set and Record View panels and view record data.
The Results Set panel contains all of the records covered by the Citation Map you are currently viewing.
The check box for the target record is always selected when the Citation Map initially displays.
Use the check box to select one or more nodes - a red border appears around each selected node in the Citation Map. Choose Set Node Color from the Appearance menu to change the color of each selected node in the Citation Map.
The Select All check box in the column header allows you to select all records in the panel.
Use the standard page navigation arrows to move from page to page in the panel.
Use the standard Display menu to choose to display 10, 20, 50, or 100 records in the panel.
The Record View panel displays field data for records in Web of Science. The Number / Title of a record is linked to the Full Record in Web of Science.
By selecting and double-clicking any node in the Citation Map, you can view Full Record details about that record in the Record View panel.
Note the following:
The Manage menu allows you to create a new Citation Map and to save a Citation Map as an editable image.
Create New Citation Map
Save Citation Map As Image
The Edit option allows you to change the direction of your Citation Map and the number of generations that appear. When you select Edit, the Citation Map start page appears for the current target record.
The Appearance menu allows you to order, color-code, and label citation tree nodes according to various record fields.
Order Nodes By
Color Code By
Set Node Text
The Print button opens a pop-up browser window that displays the Citation Map image. Click the Print link in the top right corner to print the image.
After you create a Citation Map, use the Year Range feature to set upper and lower year ranges. Drag and release the left and right arrows to adjust the year range. For example, you can set the year range to view records published from 1995 to 2005.
Click the Limit button to redraw the Citation Map to show only those records that fall within the selected year range. After you redraw the map, the Results Set panel will list only those records shown in the redrawn Citation Map including the target record. The Record View panel continues to show the target record.
Note that you cannot adjust the year range beyond the date of the target record.
These buttons help you quickly reconfigure your Citation Map.
Expand: Allows you to expand the space around the node on which the Citation Map is currently centered.
Contract: Allows you to collapse the space around the node on which the Citation Map is currently centered. Contracting is a good way to quickly see color relationships.
Center Root Document: Allows you to re-center the Citation Map on the original target node.
Create New Citation Map: Allows you to create a new map exactly as you would from the Manage menu.
This example shows you the citing and cited relationships by Publish Year. It provides a visual view of changes in citation patterns over time.
Citation Map Organized and Color Coded by Publish Year and Author
Information About ...
To create and view Citation Maps, you must install the most current version of the Java runtime environment and the necessary browser plug-in.
To install the most recent current version of Java and the associated plug-in, click Free Java Download
About Citing and Cited Records
Keep in mind the following when analyzing citations.
For more information, see How We Count Citing Articles.
More About Generations
A paper's cited references and citing articles are referred to as the first generation of cited and citing papers. Each of those cited papers may have cited references of their own and each of the citing articles may have citing articles of its own. This second level of papers is referred to as the second generation.
Please be aware ... Nodes in a Backward Only, second generation Citation Map end at the first generation if they are not source records in Web of Science or if they are inaccurate variations on a source record.
Please note ... Nodes in a Forward Only, second generation Citation Map end at the first generation if those records do not have citing articles.
When trying to print a Citation Map with a large number of citations (forward, backward, or both), we suggest: