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Times Cited Count

The Times Cited count indicates the number of times an item (article, proceeding, book, book chapter, data set, etc.) was cited by other papers from Web of Knowledge product databases.

The All Databases Citation Summary table indicates the number of times an was cited by other items indexed in the following citation indexes.

  • Web of Science
  • BIOSIS Citation Index
  • Chinese Science Citation Database
  • Data Citation Index

Duplicate records across the four citation indexes are only counted once. However, a record of a document can appear in multiple product databases.

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About the Citation Summary Table

The Citation Summary table breaks down citation counts from across all products and editions in Web of Knowledge. This count is seen from wherever you are in the world. We keep this value consistent across all our citation databases. Be aware that it may include citation counts from product databases not in your institution's entitlement subscription.

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How We Count Citing Publications

We count citations from the reference list in journals, conference proceedings, book series, data sets, and other papers that are indexed in:

  • Web of Science
  • BIOSIS Citation Index
  • Chinese Science Citation Database
  • Data Citation Index

Citing article counts are for all years and all citation indexes in the three citation databases - not just for the current year limits and indexes included in your subscription (which may be smaller).

Moreover, we do not count the same reference (duplicate cites) more than once from a single source. For instance, if an author cites a paper five times in the body of an article (abbreviated in-text citations), we only process and count a reference once.

The methodology for calculating the Times Cited count is applied for all records and for all subscriptions. If you view Times Cited for a record from anywhere in the world, the value is always the same.

Did You Know ... The two Conference Proceedings citation indexes were recently added to Web of Science. The Times Cited count now includes records that have been cited by conference records.

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Times Cited Count - Results and Full Record Page Count

The number of citing articles you can view on the Citing Articles page may be smaller than the number listed in the Times Cited count on the Results and Full Records pages if your institution's subscription does not include all years and all citation indexes.

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Footnotes and Endnotes

We will process and count citations in footnotes and endnotes, but we only count a citation once regardless of whether it appears in both a footnote and in a reference list.

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English and Non-English Citations

Some citations may be presented in both English and also in another language within the same reference list. These are known as duplicate citations. As a rule, we provide the English citation provided it has the same amount or more information than the foreign citation.

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Source Articles and Cited Articles

Keep in mind the difference between source articles and cited articles. Source articles are from journals that we have indexed in the product. Every source article has a Full Record that you can access if you have a subscription to that product database.

Some examples of source records include:

  • Cited references that can be expanded on the Cited Reference Search page that have a View Record link are source records.

  • Forward Only citations in a Citation Map are source records.

  • Backward Only citations in a Citation Map may include source records and non-source cited articles.

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Times Cited Link

The Times Cited link that appears in the right-hand column of a Full Record includes the Times Cited count from across all Web of Knowledge citation indexes. The link takes you to the All Databases Citing Articles page. Access to records is limited to your institution's entitlements subscription.

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Book Citation Index and Citation Counts

The addition of the Book Citation Index in Web of Science will increase the Times Cited count in the Citation Summary table. This higher count will be seen by all users regardless of your institution's subscription.

Previously, you could see the Times Cited count for records in every citation database such as Web of Science, BIOSIS Citation Index, and the Chinese Science Citation Database. Most of the citations came from journal articles and conference proceedings. Now, with Book Citation Index fully integrated with Web of Science, you will see higher citation counts gathered from journal articles, conference proceedings, and now books.

Remember, only customers with access to our products will see hyperlink connections to source records.

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Did You Know ...

A Times Cited link appears on the Results, Full Record, and Cited References pages. The link takes you to a Citing Articles page that displays a Times Cited table that shows the number of times a record has been cited in the current citation database and in other citation databases.