Searching the Author Field
Enter author names to search the following fields within a record.
Enter the last name first followed by a space and the author's initials. Include a wildcard (* $ ?) after the author's initials to find all variants of an author's name. For example: Johnson MS*
The system automatically adds the asterisk (*) wildcard when you enter only one initial. So, entering Johnson M is the same as entering Johnson M* and will find the same number of results.
Enter a wildcard after each initial in an author's name. For example, Johnson M*S* is a valid search query. It may find more records (or as many records) Johnson MS* because of the wildcard after the M character.
Join multiple names with Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT). For example, Johnson MS* OR Andersson A* finds all records in which either author name appears on a paper. On the other hand, Johnson MS* AND Andersson A* finds only those records in which both author names must appear on a paper.
Guidelines for Searching Names
Use upper, lower, or mixed case. For example, Lee (or lee) is the same as LEE.
Entering Author Names
Even though the product captures names exactly as they appear in the source publication, you should search for names by using various forms of the name. For example:
Note: We have purposely omitted the punctuation in our search examples. For example, we use Johnson M S in our search example although on the Results page the author's name may appear as Johnson M. S. or Johnson M S.
Wildcards and Initials
You can enter a wildcard after each initial in an author's name or after the last initial. For example, Johnson M*S* finds records by the following authors.
In this instance, the search engine finds any characters between the M and S characters (Melissa) because a wildcard is used after the M and S characters.
A search on Johnson MS* may return fewer results (or the same number of results) than a search on Johnson M*S* depending on the author's name.
Be aware, however, that a search on Johnson M* S* returns far fewer results than Johnson M*S* or Johnson MS* because of the space between the initials and the wildcards.
Boolean Search Operators
Separate two or more names by the AND, OR, or NOT search operators. Last names containing a space should be searched with and without the space to ensure that all relevant records are returned. For example:
Hyphens and Apostrophes
Include hyphens (-) and apostrophes ( ' ) when searching for names containing those marks or replace them with spaces. You will also retrieve variants. For example:
In most name searches, the product returns the same number of records whether you enter a space or a mark such as a hyphen ( - ) and an apostrophe ( ' ).
A search on the name OBrien may return a different set of results than O'Brien and O Brien. It is advisable that you do not remove the hyphen, the apostrophe, or the space in names that contain these marks.
Note: Beginning with 1998 data, non-alphanumeric characters (for example, the apostrophe in O'Brian) and embedded spaces (for example, the spaces in the last name de la Rosa) are preserved in many fields that name individuals in the database. To search effectively across multiple years of data, ensure that you enter search strings that take into account all possible variations of the name.
Search for surnames containing particles with and without a space after the particle to increase the number of results that the product returns. For example: de Bruyn A OR deBruyn A
Diacritical marks are not searchable. Search for variants of names that contain diacritical marks in the original.
The name Schröder may appear in the database as Schroder or Schroeder. Search for both variants. Example: Schroder OR Schroeder
Caution: A search on the name Schröder returns an error message.
Asian names appear in the database exactly as they do in the source document. The name Zhuang Jun may appear in the database as:
About Author / Editor Search Examples
The names that we use in the search examples may or may not exist in your product's database. They are simply names that we have created in order to show how you should format your search queries. For example, you may find some of these names in Web of Science but you may not find them in another product database to which your institution subscribes.
Author Search Tip
To restrict the results of your search, combine an Author search with another field such as Topic, Title, or Address.
To search for anonymous authors, enter anonymous in the Author field.
The term Anonymous will appear in the Author(s) field on the Results and Full Record pages.
Author Names (Booleans)
To search on the name AND, OR, NOT, NEAR, and SAME, enclose the name in quotation marks. Example: "Or"