Searching the Cited Author Field

Use the following guidelines when performing a Cited Author search.

  • Enter the name of the first author of a multi-authored article, book, data study or patent. Cited references from older articles or articles that do not have matching source records may only include the name of the first author.

  • You may enter the name of a secondary author. The name of a secondary author is preceded by ellipses (...) in the index.

  • Enter a last name with a space and at least one initial. Always use a wildcard (* $ ?) after the intial(s) to find all variants of an author's name. For example, Lee FN*

  • You may enter multiple names separated by a Boolean operator (AND, OR, NOT).

  • Cited authors include corporate authors and inventors.


Guidelines for Entering Names


Enter up to three initials after the last name. It is advisable to truncate after the first initial. For example:

  • Enter Evans PJ to retrieve references with Evans PJ as a cited author. This search will find references where the full first name of the cited author may be abbreviated as PJ, including

    • Evans Patrick J.
    • Evans Paul J.
  • Enter Evans P* to retrieve references with a cited author whose surname is Evans and whose first initial is P or whose first name begins with P, including:

    • Evans P
    • Evans PA
    • Evans PG
    • Evans PJ
    • Evans PP
    • Evans Patrick J.
    • Evans Paul J.



Use upper, lower, or mixed case. For example, CRICK, Crick, or crick finds the same results.



  • Use the asterisk (*) wildcard to represent any number of characters. For example, Aglitsk* matches Aglitskaya, Aglitski, Aglitskii, Aglitskiy.

  • Use the question mark (?) to represent one character. For example, Bens?n C* matches Bensen C, Benson C, Bensen CA, Benson CS, and so on.


Boolean Search Operators

Separate two or more names by the OR Boolean operator.

If the cited author has a common last name, try combining variations with OR instead of truncating after the first initial. This way, you will retrieve fewer irrelevant references. For example:

  • Enter Calvin W* OR Brown M* to look up cited references with either of these authors as the cited author.

  • Enter Brown M* OR Brown ME* to look up cited references with Brown M or Brown ME as the cited author.

  • Enter Brown M* to look up cited references that match Brown M, Brown MA, Brown MB, Brown ME, and so on.


Quotation Marks

Use quotation marks (") around the words AND, OR, NOT, NEAR, and SAME in any field when you do not intend these words to serve as search operators.

  • Enter "OR" W* to search for cited works authored by William Or.

  • Enter Koechli "OR" to search for works authored by O. R. Koechli.

  • Enter Food "and" Drug Administration or "Food and Drug Adminstration" to search for cited works authored by this agency.


Hyphens and Apostrophes

If the surname contains a hyphen, or apostrophe, enter the name both with and without the punctuation mark. Likewise, enter a surname with embedded spaces with and without the spaces.

Join the two versions of the name with OR.

  • Obrien R* OR O'Brien R*
  • Lopez-Gonzalez J* OR Lopezgonzalez J*
  • Deville A* OR De Ville A*


Did You Know ...

The Cited Reference Index may display a shortened version of the name you entered. Regardless, enter the full last name of the author. The search engine automatically adjusts for data variations.