This page displays the results of your search in an abbreviated record format. The left-hand column of the page contains the search statement that retrieved the results along with the number of results that the search retrieved. Click the More link to view the selected time span and any selected data restrictions such as document types and languages.

All bibliographic records that appear on the Results page are source records. Source records are from items (journals, books, conferences, and patents) that we have indexed in a product. Every source record has a Full Record that you can access. Moreover, you can add every source record to your Marked List.


For information about managing links, go to Managing Links.


Open access status is provided across the Web of Science platform as a result of a partnership with Impactstory, a not-for-profit organization that recently launched a knowledgebase of Open Access (OA) content. This knowledgebase makes it possible to discover and link to legal Gold or Bronze (free content at a publisher's website) and Green (e.g., author self-archived in a repository) OA versions. This partnership improves discoverability and access to article-level OA versions not only by adding more links to OA content, but also by prioritizing the links to the best version of OA content when multiple versions of an article are available. Always consult the copyright owner for any re-use or licensing requests. You can learn more about OA on Web of Science at

The OA status of a document can be one of the following:

OA Type




Articles published in journals listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). To be listed on the DOAJ, all articles in these journals must have a license in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative. Please consult DOAJ for their specific definitions.

Consult the copyright owner for any reuse or licensing requests.


Other Gold open access articles are those identified as having a Creative Commons (CC) license by Impactstory’s Unpaywall Database but are not in journals listed on the DOAJ.

Most of these articles are from hybrid journals. Hybrid open access journals are subscription journals that include some open access articles.

Keep in mind, identification of Other Gold as an indicator of Hybrid Gold open access articles is at varying levels of completeness, especially for newly published items.

Consult the copyright owner for any reuse or licensing requests.


The licensing for these articles is either unclear or identified by Impactstory’s Unpaywall Database as non-CC license articles. These are free-to-read or Public Access articles located on a publisher’s site. 

A publisher may, as a promotion, grant free access to an article for a limited time. At the end of the promotional period, access to the article may require a fee which can lead to temporary errors in our data.

Keep in mind, you may find content that is incomplete, especially new content.

Consult the copyright owner for any reuse or licensing requests.



Final published versions of articles hosted on an institutional or subject-based repository (e.g. an article out of its embargo period posted to PubMed Central).

Consult the copyright owner for any reuse or licensing requests.


Accepted manuscripts hosted on a repository. Content is peer reviewed and final, but may not have been through the publisher’s copyediting or typesetting.

Consult the copyright owner for any reuse or licensing requests.

On a results summary page, there is only a link to the best available free copy. If there is more than one free version available, links to other versions only appear in the Full Text Options menu on the record page for that article. When available, the final version of record at the publisher website is always preferred, followed by the final published version at a repository, and then by the accepted version at a repository. Links are always labeled with the version and whether they point to a publisher or repository.

The following OA values are available as part of the export of the full record

  • DOAJ Gold
  • Other Gold
  • Bronze
  • Green Published
  • Green Accepted

Refining Results for Open Access

The Web of Science Refine Results panel offers two methods to filter a set of search results to show only Open Access content:

  1. Using the Open Access filter in the primary Filter Results by panel near the top-left of the Search Results Summary page limits search results to all items identified as Open Access of any type.
  2. The Refine Results panel on the left allows users to refine by open access type:
    • DOAJ Gold
    • Other Gold
    • Bronze
    • Green Published
    • Green Accepted


Refine Results Panel

  • Select one or more checkboxes to limit results to records that match the selected criteria. For example, if you select a publication year and a research area, a subset of results displays records published in the specified year and belonging to the selected research area.
  • All search criteria except ESI Top Papers and Open Access are bibliographic record fields. For example, Countries/Regions refers to countries or regions in author addresses, and not to countries or regions where research studies were conducted.
  • All refine searches are added to the Search History table along with the results of your initial search from the Search page.


More Options / Values

  • Select the More Options/Values link within a category to display the first 100 items in that category.
  • You can further refine the results, exclude specific records, or sort records by record count or in alphabetical order.
    • To refine specific results, select the check box of each item on the list, and then select Refine to view only those results.
    • To exclude specific records, select the checkbox for each item on the list, and then select Exclude to remove those records from the results.


Analyze Results

Select Analyze Results to go to the Analyze Results page and analyze the field data from your search. This feature allows you to extract data values from a selected field. The product then produces a report showing the values in ranked order.


Search Within Results For 

To filter or reduce results on the Results page, enter a Topic query in the Search within Results text box, and then click Search. This search returns only those records in the original set that contain the topic term(s) you enter. The search terms may appear in any order within a retrieved record.

To search for an exact phrase within the results, enclose the phrase in quotation marks.

All searches are added to the Search History table.


Create Alert

Click this button if you want to save your search as a Saved Searches alert. The product takes you to the Save Search History dialog where you can save the selected records as a search history.

You must be a registered user and you must sign in to save your results as a search history.

Your institution must have a subscription to alerting to save a search history as an alert, otherwise, the button does not display. Check with your system administrator to see if your institution subscribes to alerting.

See Save Search History for more information.


Displays the total number of times a published work was cited by other works.

Click the link to go to a Citing Articles page to view a Times Cited Counts table that shows the number of times the record has been cited from each of the citation indexes in Web of Science.

Remember that access to records is limited to your institution's subscription.


Output Records

Options to output records are available from the ResultsFull Record, and Marked List pages.

  1. Select each record to include in the output.

  2. Select the data to view in the record output.

  3. Select an output option:

  • Print
  • E-mail
  • Save to Endnote online
  • Save to EndNote desktop
  • Claim on Publons - Track Citations
  • Save to FECYT CVN
  • Save to InCites
  • Save to Other File Formats
  • Save to RefWorks

See also: Output Records


Add to Marked List

Add records to your Marked List where you can later print, save, e-mail, order, or export from the Marked List page.

  1. Select each record that you want to add to your Marked List.

  2. Click the Add to Marked List button.

  3. Click the Marked List link in the menu bar at the top of the page to go to the Marked List page.

See also Marking Records


Sort Options

There are a variety of ways in which you can sort and view the results of your search from the Results page. Go to the Sort By menu to select another sort option.

Want to know more?


EN Icon

A red EN icon indicates the record has been saved to your EndNote online library. Click the icon to go to your library.

This icon only appears if you have signed in and if the record is already in your EndNote library.

See also EndNote