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Advanced Search

Search for records by using field tags, set combinations, or a combination of both. For example: TI=Global Warming finds records in which the terms "global" and "warming" appear in the same record. The two terms do not have to appear in the same sentence or paragraph.

The Search History table at the bottom of the page displays all successful searches that you ran during the current session. Search sets are listed in the Search History table in reverse numerical order - the most recently created set is at the top of the table.

The format of an Advanced Search query consists of one or more field tags and a search string. Search operators and wildcards are allowed.

Use an equal sign (=) with a field tag along with a wildcard to broaden your search. For example, SO=Cell Biology* finds Cell Biology International, Cell Biology International Reports, Cell Biology Research Progress, and other journals that begin with the terms Cell Biology in its name.

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Using Advanced Search

  1. Go to the Current Limits section of the search page if you need to change your search settings.

  2. Enter your search query in the text box using the two-character field tags.

  3. Click Search.

  4. In the Search History table, click the link in the Results column to view the results of your search.

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Combining Sets

The search sets are listed in the Search History table in reverse numerical order - the most recently created set is at the top of the table.

To combine two or more sets:

  1. Click the AND or OR option under the Combine Sets column.

  2. Select the check box under the Combine Sets column of each set that you want to combine.

  3. Click the Combine button.

  4. Click the link in the Results column to view the results of your search.

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Combining Sets (Examples)

#1 (or any set number)

Refreshes the results of a search query. In this instance, you may want to first select a different timespan or to change your other settings.

#1 AND #2

Finds all records that appear in both set #1 and set #2.

#2 NOT #3

Finds all records in set #2 that are not in set #3.

#2 OR #3

Finds all records that are in set #2 and all records that are in set #3, including records common to both sets.

(#2 NOT #1) AND #3

Finds all records in set #2 that are not in set #1, and only those records that are in both set #2 and set #3.

(#1 OR #2 OR #4) AND #3

Finds all records in set #1, set #2, or set #4 that are also present in set #3.

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Search Language

All searches must be in English even if you select Chinese Simplified or Japanese as the interface language. The results of your search are always in English.

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Advanced Search Examples
  • TS=biodeterioration
  • TS=(biodeterioration AND food)
  • TS=biodeterioration AND #1
  • TI=mad cow disease*
  • AU=Smith A*
  • SO=Cell

More Examples?

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Set Combination Search Rules
  • Include a number (#) sign before each set number.

  • Include Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) in set combinations.

  • Do not use the SAME operator or wildcards in set combinations.

  • Use parentheses to override operator precedence.

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Using Subject Area Terms

Use Subject Area terms with the Advanced Search SU field tag to narrow your search to specific fields of study.

For example, SU=(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology AND Biophysics) finds records in which both subject areas must appear in the Subject Area field within a Full Record.

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Using Web of Science Category Terms

Use Web of Science Category terms with the Advanced Search WC field tag to narrow your search to specific fields of study.

For example, WC=Anthropology AND Archaeology finds records in which both subject categories must appear in the Web of Science Category field within a Full Record.